Abstract: As the product of modernity, the knowledge structure of social work has been rooted in the social context of modernism, and then challenged by postmodernism from the late half of the 20th century. Therefore, we can divide the theoretical orientations of social work into modernist and postmodernist. Through comparing the basic standpoints, the relationship between social workers and clients and practical process , we find that the modernist orientation highlights the constructive standpoint, authoritative relationship and the practical process which rely on techniques. Meanwhile, the postmodernist emphasizes the deconstructive standpoint, de-authoritative relationship and de-skilling process. Each theoretical orientation has its strengths and limitations, and perhaps establishing the,integrated social work theory can go beyond these limitations.
Key words: social work; theoretical orientation; modernism; integrated orientation
The Chinese version appeared in Journal of Northwest Normal University, 2020(03).