Abstract: Experiment is a core concept in Francis Bacon’s philosophy. This paper goes beyond the traditional view and intends to make a new interpretation of Bacon’s philosophical idea about experiment and its role in science and society. The experiment that Bacon focuses on is both a method of scientiﬁc exploration and a method of engineering creation, and thus it is a link between science and engineering. The Solomon Palace, conceived by Bacon, represents a new experimental system which foreshadows that not only royal societies but also industrial laboratories known as the invention of invention will become the engine of innovation and development in modern society. The essence of Bacon’s so-called “Knowledge is Power” is that “Experiment is Power”. Therefore, Bacon’s experimental philosophy is not outdated, and it is an important research direction of contemporary philosophy of technology and philosophy of engineering.
Key Words: Francis Bacon; Experimental philosophy; Experimental method; Solomon Palace; Industrial laboratory
The Chinese version appeared in Journal of Dialectics of Nature, (09), 2021.