Abstract: The wave of urbanization has brought a large number of rural people into cities and the peripheral areas become their homes. However，industrial transformation and upgrade tend to rely on a large group of highly qualified personnel and cities can be nice places for entrepreneurships. In recent years，some cities’population policies have gone to two extremes：they purge the living spaces and some of the low-income settlers and at the same time use favorable policies and financial incentives to attract talent. These exclusive policies result in the breaking of the entire urban economic eco- chain，an increased demand for basic public service，a certain waste of talented people，an imbalanced development between cities，and more difficulties in social conformity. A city’s industrial structure is the decisive factor of its population structure，so letting the market rather than authorities’power to influence the movement of people should be the ground rule for making population policies. Openness and inclusiveness, instead of the opposite，are the value guidance for the population policy on urban settlers.
Key words：urbanization；urban settlers；population policy
The Chinese version appeared in Jianghan Academic, 2019(02).