Abstract: Bashu culture occupies a very important position in Chinese regional culture. Together with Wuyue culture and Jingchu culture, it is known as the three ancient cultures of the Yangtze River. As a large ancient transportation system of “living state”, the Bashu cultural tourism corridor has many natural and cultural heritages distributed along it. It embodies the typical characteristics of linear cultural heritage in time and space. As the key path of constructing Chengdu-Chongqing economic circle, Bashu Cultural tourism corridor currently has two core problems: firstly, how to evaluate the spatial characteristics of the corridor; secondly, how to efciently optimize the corridor protection and development path. It is a new idea to deal with the problems of cultural tourism resources and space construction efficiency through the evaluation of corridor construction. On the basis of clarifying the characteristics of establishment and application, this paper analyzes and evaluates the historical context, research object and research content of Bashu cultural tourism corridor, and summarizes the spatial characteristics of the corridor. At the same time, the research on the adaptability of cultural system shows that the research objects pay more and more attention to the combination of contiguity and cross-region development trend, indicating that around the common theme and key area of Bashu culture, explore the path of regional cultural protection and inheritance. This paper covers 15 cities and 29 counties, and uses the system evaluation method. It establishes the evaluation system of Bashu cultural tourism corridor construction, collects information with the help of network, and uses the comprehensive evaluation method for quantitative evaluation. According to the evaluation results, it makes grade distinction, category distinction and regional distinction. Through the analysis of the comprehensive level of cultural tourism resources and human settlement system, the research results show that there are two points. 1) Points driving: the construction of human settlement presents the spatial non-equilibrium in the spatial distribution, and it takes Chengdu city and Yuzhong District as the peak area, showing the spatial pattern of “two points driving”. 2) Strip developing: the spatial distribution of cultural and tourism resources presents obvious strip characteristics, and it has formed a “cultural tourism resource advantage strip” of Leshan, Chengdu, Nanchong and Yuzhong, covering Ya’an, Mianyang, Jiangbei and Dazu cities and counties. Finally, according to the evaluation results of the present situation, this paper summarizes the characteristics of the protection and development space layout of the construction of Bashu cultural tourism corridor. By combining the implementation requirements of the rural revitalization strategy and the level of urban construction, and sorting out the regional humanistic characteristics, this paper divides the research objects into ﬁve regional cultures, including double city culture, mountain city military culture, shallow hill agricultural and commercial culture, Xijiang ecological culture, Han Miao and Tujia culture. On this basis, this paper puts forward valuable preservation and development strategies for cultural routes.Starting from regional cultural resources and based on the connotation of cultural resources, this paper deﬁnes the relationship between cultural tourism resources and the construction of Bashu cultural tourism corridor. This paper attempts to construct a model to scientiﬁcally evaluate the degree of coordination between cultural and tourism resources and human settlement construction in order to enrich the research system of cultural and tourism integration. It provides theoretical basis and ﬁeld data collection for promoting the organic integration of regional culture and tourism and improving the cultural soft power of Bashu region. However, due to the uniqueness and complexity of Bashu culture, more scientiﬁc and regional quantitative discussion is needed on the influence path and mode of the evaluation of the construction of Bashu cultural tourism corridor. The evaluation system of Bashu cultural tourism corridor needs to be perfected and optimized. In the future, accurate grasp of regional ecological and cultural resources advantage, exploring the integration and coordination mode of culture and tourism, protecting and enhancing the soft power of Bashu culture is the key content of the research.
Keywords: Bashu Culture; Chengyu Economic Circle; Cultural Tourism; Human Settlement; Construction Evaluation
The Chinese version appeared in Journal of Human Settlements in West China, 2022,37(06).